Wednesday, 28 March 2012

The Trivia of Management

So why not have a little fun... just to see how many of us can easily recall all that learning we did when we were studying to become managers.... here's a few questions....

ANSWER ANY TWO in the comments section!!! Results/comments will be released/published on Sunday Evening the 1st of April 2012

What is Maslow's Hierarchy and what are the levels from top to bottom?

What is the Johari Window and why is called the Johari Window?

Are you a Theory X or Theory Y person and what does that mean?

What is the main reason for poor communication?

Can you motivate others and if so how... or if not why not?

What is the difference between leadership and management?

Can leaders be trained to lead or is it a natural instinct only that is found in some individuals?

Hope you enjoy the quick game of Trivia based around career issues!

Some information can be found at http://www.orglearn.org or you may just jump onto Google. Thanks for playing!

33 comments:

  1. According to Wikipedia Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology, proposed by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper A Theory of Human Motivation. Maslow subsequently extended the idea to include his observations of humans' innate curiosity. His theories parallel many other theories of human developmental psychology, all of which focus on describing the stages of growth in humans. Maslow use the terms Physiological, Safety, Belongingness and Love, Esteem, and Self-Actualization needs to describe the pattern that human motivations generally move through.

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  2. The Johari Window, named after the first names of its inventors, Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham, is one of the most useful models describing the process of human interaction. A four paned "window," as illustrated above, divides personal awareness into four different types, as represented by its four quadrants: open, hidden, blind, and unknown. The lines dividing the four panes are like window shades, which can move as an interaction progresses.

    http://www.noogenesis.com/game_theory/johari/johari_window.html

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  3. Maslow's Hierarchy -- self-actualization, esteem, love and belonging, safety, physiological.

    Johari Window -- is an assessment exercise to measure mental stability. Each subject pick word from a list, and results would be mapped in the form of a 'window'.

    I'm a person of Theory Y. Theory X assume that a person is lazy and need more control, while Theory Y assume that a person is motivated with self control.

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  4. Physiological
    Safety
    Belonging
    Esteem
    Self actualisation

    Describe the johari window not easy lol
    A way to investigate our mental states and perceptions being made up of 4 panes split between that which we know about ourselves and that we don't public and private I think

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  5. 1. Maslow's Hierarchy is a theory in psychology proposed by Abraham Maslow in his 1943. From bottom to top there are 5 levels viz : Physiological needs, Safety, Love/Belonging, Esteem and Self-actualization. Victor Frankl added one more i guess later.

    2. Called JoHari after Joseph Luft and Harrington Ingram who founded the model. They called it the “Johari Window of Opportunity”. Based on 4 quadrants. They said communications or what was actually said and then the convert or hidden level which meant what is actually meant

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  6. Maslow's hierarchy of needs has self-actualisation, self-esteem, love and belonging, safety, and physiological needs at the bottom, ie coming first.

    Called the 'Johari' window after the first names of its inventors, Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham, it is a personality matrix involving self-assessment and assessment by others.

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  7. Maslow's Hierarchy: Physical - Safety - Belonging - Esteem - Self Actualization

    I am a Theory Y person (in MacGregor's System) as I believe firmly that people want to do well, they want to succeed, and they want to work hard for a vision larger than themselves. People will create ideas, work to make those ideas succeed, and be proud of their accomplishments, even without close supervision. Theory X is completely wrong as it's that wrongheaded system that fails employees, not the other way around. Theory Y is correct. Theory X is wrong.

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  8. @ Maslow - Hierarchy of needs - higher self/samadhi - self-esteem/being needed - power/accumulation/wealth/employers - security/safety/home/trade unions - basic needs to survive/food/sleep/intercourse/drink

    The above is a personal development of Maslow's and differs slightly from his original model.

    @ Johari - the own 'blind spot' named after Joseph Luft und Harry Ingham

    @ x/y - pass - please explain

    @ poor communication - not communicating ENOUGH with each other, although Watzlawick says . . . 'you cannot not communicate' . . . I personally add: there's also TOO MUCH communication when in between all the dribble the essence gets lost. So in the end . . . poor communication . . . is . . . not enough trained communication. Depending on your level.

    @ motivate others - no, not possible, because motivation comes from the inner auto motive/moving.

    Extrinsic motivation: I can create a frame that makes it others more likely to 'get going' . . . eg. waving with a sausage in front of the dog's nose . . . and they'll get going quickly for that snack. But still THEY have to get going. Auto.

    Intrinsic motivation: From my inner I build up goals, fantasies, dreams that give me enough energy to rise up and GO.

    @ Leadership/management

    - Management: As long as everything runs smooth I can relax. When there's failure and I am in the middle of chaos, THEN I am needed to 'manage' that and shovel the crap with my 'manes'/hands (manage) out of the office to get the machine/team going again.

    - Leadership - Leading the ship. Pointing at a distant goal and make others want to do what is needed to get there.

    @ Leaders/training - yes. Otherwise there'd be no leadership training . . . hehehe . . . EVERYTHING can be trained to a certain extent.

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    Replies
    1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theory_X_and_Theory_Y As good an explanation as any I guess!

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  9. What is the main reason for poor communication?
    - lack of attention, and attention comes from love

    Can you motivate others and if so how... or if not why not?
    - yes, by visioning the end result and write, draw, tell it and repeat it

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  10. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs top starts with Self Actualization, followed by Esteem, then, Love Belonging,Safety and Belonging, finally Physicalogical.

    Theory X and Y - Theory X assumes that all people hate work and must be controlled through punishment to work.
    theory Y assumes that all people like work and are motivated to self actualize their work and work to increase their creativity and very seldom reach their full potential in most organizations.

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  11. Is the above in English? Seriously, all this business management has gone too far. Bring back common sense. If you have a product and it's got a good margin then thumbs up, if not back to the drawing board. Simples, we have made our lives ever harder because of globalisation, it's all hogwash to me! Sorry for all those who use this daily but when did you last tell a colleague or customer or supplier 'fantastic job, thanks so much!' all too rare these days and it does wonders for productivity, far more than a flow chart will ever achieve

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  12. Can you motivate others and if so how... or if not why not? - I read a great book about the carrot theory. I honestly think that positive environment and people will motivate workers a lot more than money ever will. We need to get them to want to do better, not just for themselves, but for the company as a whole.

    Can leaders be trained to lead or is it a natural instinct only that is found in some individuals? - Leaders very much can learn to be leaders. We just need to be taught the right things. Are there people that are naturally charismatic and intelligent and pick up the things needed to lead? Yes. But that does not mean that anyone cannot become a great leader. It just takes time and energy, and not many people are willing to do that.
    - @Belgerith

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  13. Maslow's hierarchy is a focus on describing the stages of growth in humans of needs and is often portrayed in the shape of a pyramid, with the largest and most fundamental levels of needs at the bottom, and the need for self-actualization at the top. The bottom starts with Physiological needs, then Safety needs then Love and belonging and Esteem and at the top Self-actualization.

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  14. I'm a Theory Y person in regards to if I had to lead people However if I dislike the work, I am most definitely a Theory X person in that I can be lazy and will avoid doing the work if I can.

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  15. What is the difference between leadership and management?
    Leaders will train their employees by example, while managers will train their employees by using seminars and manuals.
    Can you motivate others and if so how... or if not why not?
    Yes. Any time you use the "Do as I do" method, where you are willing to do everything that you are asking your employees to do, then you will be able to train them to do things the way you want them done and they will be able to learn because they are doing so willingly.

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  16. Reason for poor communications - don't understand the audience.

    Leadership is the act of leading people; management is handling tasks effectively.

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  17. The Johari Window model is a simple and useful tool for illustrating and improving self-awareness, and mutual understanding between individuals within a group. The Johari Window model can also be used to assess and improve a group's relationship with other groups. The Johari Window model was devised by American psychologists Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham in 1955, while researching group dynamics at the University of California Los Angeles. The model was first published in the Proceedings of the Western Training Laboratory in Group Development by UCLA Extension Office in 1955, and was later expanded by Joseph Luft. Today the Johari Window model is especially relevant due to modern emphasis on, and influence of, 'soft' skills, behaviour, empathy, cooperation, inter-group development and interpersonal development. combined their names :)

    Theory Y - and well have you met me yet? LOL

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  18. PART 1 MASLOW HIERARCHY OF NEEDS

    Survival: water, air, food, and sleep. (think he fell short here.)

    Security.

    Socializaion.

    Self Esteem.

    Self-actualization.

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  19. Johari Window: so called because of the concept of the Johari House with four rooms.

    Room 1 is the part of ourselves that we see and others see.

    Room 2 is the aspects that others see but we are not aware of.

    Room 3 is the most mysterious room in that the unconscious or subconscious part of us is seen by neither ourselves nor others.

    Room 4 is our private space, which we know but keep from others.

    It's a model for mapping personality awareness. By describing yourself from a fixed list of adjectives, then asking your friends and colleagues to describe you from the same list, a grid of overlap and difference can be built up.

    Have taken several of these over the years and never knew until today that's what it was.

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  20. Poor communication - not actively listening;
    Leaders and training - it is a natural instinct which can be improved through training and self appraisal and awareness.

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  21. Question 3

    Definitely Y with a bit of X exposed like a sword in it's sheath.

    Raising my kids back in the day, without question X and let the Y take care of itself. Now they are grown and there's no need for X and Y. Just love.

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  22. Main reason for communication? Wow, that's a broad one! So, will confine it to the business model since that's the focus.

    Conveyance of creative vision and clarity of understanding.

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  23. Leadership envisions mission

    Management implements mission

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  24. Leaders are born that way, but with fertile ground they can be trained to bring out the natural.

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  25. What is the main reason for poor communication?

    Bad management - If you have bad managers then often you may suffer from poor communication and writing skills. Bad managers do not allow their employees to communicate effectively in the workplace. A bad manager would much rather micromanage their employees and over exert control because they do not have the self control necessary to manage effectively. As a result they thwart their poor communication on their employees.

    What is the difference between leadership and management?

    Leaders lead people. Manager manage tasks.

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  26. What is the main reason for poor communication?

    Bad management - If you have bad managers then often you may suffer from poor communication and writing skills. Bad managers do not allow their employees to communicate effectively in the workplace. A bad manager would much rather micromanage their employees and over exert control because they do not have the self control necessary to manage effectively. As a result they thwart their poor communication on their employees.

    What is the difference between leadership and management?

    Leaders lead people. Manager manage tasks.

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  27. Not really trivia as most of the question are asking me for my opinion.

    Can leaders be trained to lead or is it a natural instinct only that is found in some individuals?

    Yes people can with the proper training learn to be leaders. However the truly great ones are born into it. remember you can not polish a turd.

    What is the difference between leadership and management?

    a Manager says "Go!" - a leader says "Let's go

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  28. What is the main reason for poor communication?

    --- not listening

    Can you motivate others and if so how... or if not why not?

    ---- yes, by connecting with what excites them

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  29. Management occurs as a product of good organization skills, delegation, balance of oversight -- basically, concrete skill set that people can learn.

    Leadership occurs at a much higher level than even the best management. Leaders must have a robust management toolbox, but they also possess intangible personal characteristics that are innate and woven into the very fabric of their souls.

    True, effective leadership -- the kind of leadership that inspires people to walk through fire for the leader and the cause cannot be taught; nor, can it be learned. It can be imitated and emulated for a time, but like all falsehoods, the facade will fall away, leaving disenfranchised followers who feel betrayed.

    Whew! That was fun! Thanks, Liz. ;-)

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  30. Theory Y person because I tend to be intrinsically motivated than extrinsically motivated.

    Main reason for poor communication is low quality feedback in the education system where we are supposed to learn about communication in more than a few ways.

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  31. I can be a good motivator and usually I find that providing employees with respect and fostering a strong esprit des corps feeling is often enough to allow for motivation to become a natural part of that workplace.

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  32. Maslow was a pretty good psychologist and he developed a heirachy of needs that started with basic needs such as food and oxygen and then build up in a tier wise manner to shelter then friends, love and eventually into a super ego state where you achieve oneness with the Universe.

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